U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China Page: 29 of 101
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Summary of issues by theme Raised by Raised by China's response
United other WTO
different use. In China, DAP was directly
applied in manufacturing, while MAP was
mainly used to produce compound or special
fertilizers. They were not competitive products.
China had been producing DAP since 1965.
Currently, VAT was levied on both imported
and domestically-produced DAP. In 2001,
prima facie consumption of DAP was
4,970,000 tons, including 3,290,000 tons of
imports which represented a 66 percent of total
consumption. These statistics showed that
production and consumption of DAP in China
had increased instead of having decreased as
a consequence of a tax exemption measure on
MAP. There was no comparative relation
between the two kinds of products.
Consequently, VAT measures on these two
kinds of products were not in violation of Article
Ill of GATT 1994. (Verbale)
Information on VAT regime applied to EC - Writtenb
copper raw materials.
Automobile (non-quota issues)
Status and implementation of new Written,a With regard to questions in relation to new
automobile industrial policy "Guidelines Verbale automobile policies, the Chinese delegation
for Current Development of Automobile had clarified the issue in the Trade Review
Industry" that may discourage the Mechanism (TRM) under the TRIMS
importation of auto parts. Committee. Given that issues in relation to
Information on China's new automotive EC - Writtenb automobile financing and the separate
policy and clarification on the policy's operation network for new automobiles would
WTO compatibility, be discussed under the Council for Trade in
Implementation of new automobile Writtena Services they would not address those issues
industrial policy seeking to restrict here. (Verbale)
imports of CKDs.
Possible establishment of a dual Writtena EC -
distribution network for domestically Written,b
produced and imported vehicles; Verbale
China's plan to establish a "Law
Controlling the Monopolization of Japan -
Automobile Brands" to prohibit dealers Written,c
from selling both imported and domestic Verbale
Time schedule for legislation on car EC - Writtenb
financing and confirmation that China
will not impose any performance rule or
excessive capital requirements.
Tariff-rate quotas (TRQ) and quotas
Information on the total quantity of each Writtena In 2003, the volume of non-state trading quotas
fertilizer TRQ for 2003 that was for urea was 180,000 tons, while that of state
allocated for importation through state trading quotas was 1,620,000; the volume of
trading enterprises and quantity DAP non-state trading quotas was 1,190,000
allocated for importation through non- tons while that of state trading quotas was
state trading entities. 4,760,000 tons; the volume of non-state trading
quotas for compound fertilizers was 600,000
tons while that for state trading was 2,380,000
China's implementation of its Writtena On 27 August 2003, MOFCOM published the
commitments regarding reallocation of notice on application for reallocation of 2003
2003 TRQ on fertilizer and wool tops. fertilizer TRQ through some media, requiring
importing entities to return unfilled quotas
GAO-05-209R U.S.-China Trade
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United States. Government Accountability Office. U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China, text, January 25, 2005; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301428/m1/29/: accessed May 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.