U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China Page: 2 of 101
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organized this information into separate tables for each of the 16 WTO subsidiary
bodies with a role in reviewing China's WTO commitments (encs. I through XVI).2
We further discuss our methodology below.
As seen in the enclosed tables, 11 out of a total of 148 WTO members participated in
the 2003 multilateral review of China's trade commitment implementation. These
members participated in the TRM process by submitting written questions to China
prior to meetings of 16 WTO subsidiary bodies with a role in the Transitional Review
Mechanism (TRM), or by raising issues verbally with China during these meetings,
which occurred from September to December 2003. Specifically, 7 WTO members
both submitted written questions and discussed issues verbally in some TRM
meetings: the United States, the European Communities, Japan, Chinese Taipei,3
Australia, Canada, and Mexico. Four other members-Brazil, Korea, Norway, and
Pakistan-only participated verbally during some meetings. The United States was
the most active member in the 2003 TRM, participating one or both ways in 14 of the
16 subsidiary bodies; the exceptions were the Committees on Balance-of-Payments
Restrictions and Rules of Origin. Table 1 displays an overview of member
participation for the 2003 TRM.
2The subsidiary bodies are described as councils or committees and generally are organized according
to the various trade subjects covered by the WTO agreements. These subsidiary bodies include the
Committees on Agriculture, Anti-dumping Practices, Balance-of-Payments Restrictions, Customs
Valuation, Import Licensing, Market Access, Rules of Origin, Safeguards, Sanitary and Phytosanitary
Measures, Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, Technical Barriers to Trade, Trade in Financial
Services, and Trade-Related Investment Measures, as well as Councils for Trade in Goods, Trade in
Services, and Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.
3Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu.
GAO-05-209R U.S.-China Trade
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United States. Government Accountability Office. U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China, text, January 25, 2005; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301428/m1/2/: accessed April 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.