Rural Homelessness: Better Collaboration by HHS and HUD Could Improve Delivery of Services in Rural Areas Page: 7 of 59
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
1. What are the characteristics of homelessness in rural areas?
2. What assistance is available to individuals or families experiencing
homelessness and what amount of funding have the federal
departments and agencies awarded to organizations that assist persons
experiencing homelessness in rural areas?
3. What barriers do persons experiencing homelessness and homeless
service providers encounter when seeking assistance or funding to
To address these questions, we conducted a review of relevant reports,
studies, and our prior research. We also conducted site visits in Arizona,
Kentucky, Maine, Minnesota, New Mexico, and Texas. During these visits,
we interviewed federal, state, and local housing and homelessness officials
and nonprofit homelessness organizations, and toured rural areas in which
homelessness was present. We selected the site visit locations based on
several factors, including (1) discussions with knowledgeable individuals
in the field of homelessness, (2) a review of studies and reports on local
and state efforts to serve the homeless in rural areas, (3) the presence of
tribal lands and colonias, and (4) geographical diversity. We also reviewed
relevant laws, regulations, and program documentation and interviewed
officials from various federal agencies as well as national stakeholder
organizations. For purposes of this report, we did not limit ourselves to
any one federal definition of homelessness and did not specify a specific
definition when speaking with researchers, providers, and relevant
government officials, but they did clarify on how they defined
homelessness in the context of their comments.
We conducted this performance audit from July 2009 to July 2010 in
accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Those
standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient,
appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our findings and
conclusions based on our audit objectives. We believe that the evidence
obtained provides a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions
based on our audit objectives.
Background Several federal programs-mainstream and targeted-may be available to
assist those experiencing homelessness in rural and nonrural areas.
Mainstream programs-such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families,
public housing, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Medicaid,
and the Workforce Investment Act-provide a wide range of assistance,
GAO-10-724 Rural Homelessness
Here’s what’s next.
This report can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Report.
United States. Government Accountability Office. Rural Homelessness: Better Collaboration by HHS and HUD Could Improve Delivery of Services in Rural Areas, report, July 20, 2010; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301393/m1/7/: accessed May 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.