Rural Homelessness: Better Collaboration by HHS and HUD Could Improve Delivery of Services in Rural Areas Page: 24 of 59
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BIA. These programs, although not specifically targeted at homelessness,
may assist persons experiencing homelessness. They are available to
recognized tribes only and funding generally is formulaic, based on tribal
enrollment. Generally, NAHASDA money is distributed to tribal-designated
housing entities that use money to build or refurbish housing. BIA
programs are funded as contracts awarded to designated tribal entities to
provide a range of services. In both cases, tribal governments determine
priorities, usage, and eligibility. Housing funds are distributed to regional
BIA offices through a formula process and individuals receive assistance
based on priority until funds are exhausted.
Limited Data Are Available
on the Amount of Targeted
Assistance to Rural Versus
The amount of federal funding for targeted homeless assistance programs
in rural areas is uncertain. According to the Congressional Research
Service, in fiscal year 2009 federal agencies spent more than $2.85 billion
on programs targeted to address the needs of individuals and families
experiencing homelessness.29 HUD's targeted homeless programs
represent the largest funding source for federal targeted homeless
assistance, which for fiscal year 2009 totaled more than $1.7 billion or
more than 62 percent of total targeted funding. Figure 2 shows the
targeted funding by federal agency. We were unable to determine the total
portion of this funding that went to rural areas.
29Congressional Research Service, Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent
Legislation, RL30442 (Washington, D.C., Jan. 20, 2010).
GAO-10-724 Rural Homelessness
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Rural Homelessness: Better Collaboration by HHS and HUD Could Improve Delivery of Services in Rural Areas, report, July 20, 2010; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc301393/m1/24/: accessed May 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.