Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads Page: 33 of 38
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Appendix IV: Non-Commercial Unsecured-
Load Laws, Exemptions, and Fines or
Penalties or Both
fines/penalties (& separate penalty
statute if not contained in
State Unsecured-load law Unsecured-load law exemptions unsecured-load law)
Texas Tex. Transp. Code None. $25-$500 Tex. Transp. Code
Utah Utah Code Ann. 72-7- Vehicles carrying dirt, sand, gravel, rock $100-$250.
409 fragments, pebbles, crushed base,
aggregate, any other similar material, or
scrap metal. Certain agricultural loads and
vehicles spreading any substance
connected with highway maintenance,
construction, securing traction or snow
Vermont 23 V.S.A. 1451 and None. $99 -$156 1454.
Virginia Va. Code Ann. 10.1- Motor vehicles dropping material for Not more than $2,500 or not more than
1424 and 46.2-1156 traction or for cleaning or maintaining the 12 months in jail for violating 10.1-
highway. 10.1-1424. Motor vehicles 1424, and a fine of not more than $250
used exclusively for agricultural purposes, for violating 46.2-1156.
or transporting forest products, poultry, or Va. Code Ann. 18.2-11.
Washington Rev. Code Wash. (ARCW) Vehicles carrying gravel, sand, and dirt if 6 Up to $5000 or up to a year in jail or
46.61.655 inches of freeboard is maintained within both. Rev. Code Wash. (ARCW)
the bed. Motor vehicles dropping sand for 9A.20.021.
West Virginia W. Va. Code 17C-17-6 Motor vehicles dropping material for Up to $500 fine or 6 months
traction or for cleaning or maintaining the imprisonment or both. W. Va. Code
Wisconsin Wis. Stat. 348.10 None. $10-$200 Wis. Stat.
Wyoming Wyo. Stat. 31-5-228 Motor vehicles spreading substance for Up to $500 fine or 6 months
maintaining or constructing the highway. imprisonment or both. Wyo. Stat. 31-
Source: GAO analysis of state laws, exemptions, fines and penalties.
GAO-13-24 Unsecured Loads
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads, report, November 15, 2012; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc300082/m1/33/: accessed April 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.