Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads Page: 32 of 38
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Appendix IV: Non-Commercial Unsecured-
Load Laws, Exemptions, and Fines or
Penalties or Both
fines/penalties (& separate penalty
statute if not contained in
State Unsecured-load law Unsecured-load law exemptions unsecured-load law)
New Mexico N.M. Stat. Ann. 66-7-407 Agricultural vehicles or those dropping $100 N.M. Stat. Ann. 66-7-401; 66-
sand for traction or water for cleaning the 8-116.
New York NY CLS Veh. & Tr. None. $100 - $750 and/or imprisonment up to
377 30 days.
North Carolina N.C. Gen. Stat. 20-116 Motor vehicles dropping material for $100 N.C. Gen. Stat. 20-176.
traction or cleaning the highway.
North Dakota N.D. Cent. Code, 39-21- Motor vehicles dropping sand for traction $20.
44.1 or water for highway maintenance.
Ohio ORC Ann. 4513.31 Agricultural and garbage vehicles or those $150 - $1000 ORC Ann. 2929.28; ORC
dropping sand for traction or water for Ann. 4513.99.
cleaning the roadway.
Oklahoma 47 Okl. St. 14-105 Agricultural vehicles or those dropping $5 - $500 or imprisonment for up to 6
sand for traction or water for cleaning the months, or both. 47 Okl. St. 17-101.
Oregon ORS 818.300; 818.310 No exemptions for vehicles, just for certain $260 ORS 818.300(4) and ORS
roads, private thoroughfares. 153.019. Additionally, owners or
drivers are liable for all damage done
as a result of the violation if it occurs
on certain roadways. ORS 818.410.
Pennsylvania 75 Pa.C.S. 4903 Logging and garbage trucks, the shedding $300-$1000.
or dropping of feathers or other matter
from vehicles hauling live or slaughtered
birds or animals, and spreading of any
substance in highway maintenance or
Rhode Island R.I. Gen. Laws 31-25-9; Logging trucks or those carrying wood, $85, R.I. Gen. Laws 31-41.1-4; $100
R.I. Gen. Laws 31-25-10 lumber, or sawmill wastes. Motor vehicles to not more than $500, R.I. Gen. Laws
dropping sand for traction or water for 31-25-10.
South Carolina S.C. Code Ann. 56-5- Motor vehicles dropping sand for traction $100.
4100 or water for highway maintenance.
Agricultural and timber-related vehicles.
South Dakota S.D. Codified Laws 32- None. $500 or 30 days in prison or both, S.D.
15-18 Codified Laws 22-6-2.
Tennessee Tenn. Code Ann. 55-7- Vehicles carrying farm produce to the No more than $50 or not more than 30
109 market. Vehicles which transport crushed days in prison or both. Tenn. Code
stone, fill dirt and rock, soil, bulk sand, Ann. 40-35-111.
coal, phosphate muck, asphalt, concrete,
other building materials, forest products,
unfinished lumber, agricultural lime. Motor
vehicles dropping sand for traction or
water for highway maintenance.
GAO-13-24 Unsecured Loads
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads, report, November 15, 2012; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc300082/m1/32/: accessed April 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.