Food Labeling: FDA Needs to Reassess Its Approach to Protecting Consumers from False or Misleading Claims Page: 3 of 60
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FDA Has Allowed the Use of 12 Qualified Health Claims on Food
Labels and Provided Limited Oversight for These Claims
Consumers Have Difficulty Understanding the Level of Scientific
Support for Qualified Health Claims and How These Claims
Differ from Other Claims
Industry More Widely Uses Structure/Function Claims on Food
with Minimal FDA Oversight, but FTC Has Taken Some Action
When These Claims Were Deceptive
Recommendations for Executive Action
Agency Comments and Our Response
Appendix I FDA's Administration of Health Claims in Response
to Pearson v. Shalala 31
Appendix II Objectives, Scope, and Methodology 37
Appendix III Types of Claims FDA Recognizes, and Industry May
Use, on Food 40
Appendix IV Health Claims That May Be Used On Food Labels 42
Appendix V Warning Letters Issued for Claim Violations on Food
Labels and Web Sites, December 2009 through
February 2010 47
Comments from the Department of Health and
GAO-11-102 Food Labeling
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Food Labeling: FDA Needs to Reassess Its Approach to Protecting Consumers from False or Misleading Claims, report, January 14, 2011; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc299379/m1/3/: accessed May 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.