Video Marketplace: Competition Is Evolving, and Government Reporting Should Be Reevaluated Page: 6 of 44
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journals and studies. We also reviewed relevant reports prepared by the
Federal Communications Commission (FCC), the Department of Justice
(DOJ), and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). To identify the prices
for cable service, we gathered data from FCC's Cable Industry Price
reports for the years 2005 through 2012, which represent the most recent
available data. We reviewed FCC documentation and information
provided by FCC staff to assess the reliability of the cable price data and
determined that FCC's data were sufficiently reliable for the purposes of
our report. We conducted interviews with FCC and DOJ, industry
associations and participants, and experts; we selected industry
associations and participants to ensure a diversity of participants,
including content companies, broadcast and cable networks, multichannel
video programming distributors (MVPD)-cable, satellite, and telephone
companies-and online video distributors (OVD). We reviewed relevant
laws, regulations, and FCC proceedings, including Notices of Inquiry,
Proposed Rulemakings, and Reports and Orders. To determine the level
of competition, available packages and pricing, and other program
options, we conducted an analysis of MVPD services in 20 randomly
sampled zip codes across the United States; these zip codes represented
dense, urban areas as well as sparsely populated rural areas. For each
zip code, we identified the MVPDs providing service and collected
information from the MVPDs on their services and prices. Our results
reflect the competition, packages, and pricing in the 20 zip codes and are
not generalizable to all zip codes. For more details on our scope and
methodology, see appendix I.
We conducted this performance audit from July 2012 to June 2013 in
accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards.
Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain
sufficient, appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our
findings and conclusions based on our audit objectives. We believe that
the evidence obtained provides a reasonable basis for our findings and
conclusions based on our audit objectives.
Video Programming and Various entities and groups develop and distribute video content. Content
Distribution producers, such as Sony Pictures Entertainment and CBS Television
Studios, sell the right to use their content to a variety of users, such as
broadcast networks, cable networks, and local television stations. The
financial compensation received by content producers for the use of their
GAO-13-576 Video Competition
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Video Marketplace: Competition Is Evolving, and Government Reporting Should Be Reevaluated, report, June 25, 2013; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc298600/m1/6/: accessed December 11, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.