Bishnoi: An Eco-Theological "New Religious Movement" In The Indian Desert Page: 1
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BISHNOI: AN ECO-THEOLOGICAL "NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENT" IN
THE INDIAN DESERT
(Published in the Journal of Vaishnava Studies, 19.1, August 2010)
ABSTRACT: Although Rajasthan is the "desert" state in the North West of India, it has
been a fertile ground for interreligious interactions for last several centuries, welcoming or
battling the new groups entering South Asia. In this article I present my fieldwork done with the
Bishnois, a Rajasthani community that transcends the boundaries of Hinduism and Islam.
Although Bishnois are now considered a caste-group within the Hindu community, they were
classified with Muslims in 1891 Census of Marwar. I also note that despite the several common
elements of Hindu and Muslim practices and ideas in this community, at present the Bishnois
reject any connection with Islam. I conclude that this "Hinduization" can be contextualized with
similar process taking place with several other "liminal" communities.
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Jain, Pankaj. Bishnoi: An Eco-Theological "New Religious Movement" In The Indian Desert, article, August 2010; [Hampton, Virginia]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29807/m1/1/: accessed March 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service.