Children's Television Act: FCC Could Improve Efforts to Oversee Enforcement and Provide Public Information Page: 3 of 42
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Children's Programming Has Increased with Varying Requirements
for Complying with the Act
FCC Relies on Broadcasters to Self-Report Violations but Lacks a
Corresponding Oversight Approach for Cable Operators and
Parents in Focus Groups Were Generally Unaware of the Act and
May Draw Incorrect Conclusions about Core Children's
Programming, but Valued Educational Children's Programming
Recommendations for Executive Action
Appendix I Objectives, Scope, and Methodology 32
Appendix II Comments from the Federal Communications Commission 35
Appendix III GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments 37
Table 1: Summary of Key FCC Rules Related to the Children's
Television Act of 1990 and Who They Apply to 7
Table 2: Hours of Core Children's Programming Increased in Eight
DMAs from 1998 to 2010 8
Table 3: Numbers of Commercial Broadcast Stations and Channels
Increased in Eight DMAs from 1998 to 2010 10
Table 4: Percent of Time That Programming Is Available during
Core Children's Programming Hours (7:00 a.m. to 10:00
p.m.) in Eight DMAs in 1998 and 2010 12
Figure 1: Types and Amount of Self-Reported Broadcaster
Violations of FCC's Children's Television Rules, 1996 and
2004 License Renewal Cycles 16
GAO-11-659 Children's Television Act
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Children's Television Act: FCC Could Improve Efforts to Oversee Enforcement and Provide Public Information, report, July 14, 2011; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc296647/m1/3/: accessed February 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.