Archeological Testing at Fort St. Leon, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana Page: i
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Archeological testing at a site long known as Fort St.
Leon (16PL35), Louisiana, was carried out from August 15 to
October 15, 1981. The testing was based on models and
hypotheses derived from extensive research concerning the
history of the occupation of the site, and from research
into sites of the same time periods.
Fort St. Leon was the name of a French fort, as well as
an American fort, each established at a section on the
Mississippi River below New Orleans known as English Turn.
The French fort was begun in 1749 but was abandoned by the
time of the administration of the Spanish governor, O'Reilly
in 1768. The American fort was begun in 1809 but was
abandoned about 1815-1817.
Studies were made of levee building, geomorphology, and
comparisons of archival maps and aerial photographs, which
contributed to the understanding of both human activities
and geological processes at the site.
Twenty-two test trenches and ten test pits were dug.
Two test pits revealed firm evidence of the American fort,
but remains found of the French fort were negligible.
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Gilmore, Kathleen & Noble, Vergil. Archeological Testing at Fort St. Leon, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, report, May 1983; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29477/m1/7/: accessed January 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Institute of Applied Sciences.