Budget Issues: Budgetary Implications of Selected GAO Work for Fiscal Year 2000 Page: 4 of 274
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fiscal challenges facing the nation arising from such critical programs as
Social Security and Medicare.2
This report is divided into four appendixes. Appendix I discusses the
conventions used to estimate savings and revenue gains. Appendix II
provides for congressional consideration an analytical framework in
which to consider cost savings or revenue increases. This framework
provides one set of criteria that may be used to assess goals, scope, and
approaches for delivering federal programs. It is organized around the
following three broad themes:
* reassess objectives-reconsider whether to terminate or revise services
and programs provided;
* redefine beneficiaries-reconsider who pays for or benefits from a
particular program; and
* improve efficiency-reconsider how a program or service is provided.
Appendix III presents narrative descriptions of the options including
available estimates of budgetary savings as determined by CBO or JCT. This
appendix presents reduced spending options first-organized by budget
function-and then additional receipt options. Each option also includes a
listing of relevant GAO reports and testimonies and a GAO contact.
Lastly, appendix IV lists options from the March 1997 report that were not
updated for this year's volume based on our review of congressional and
agency actions taken over the past 2 years. Over 60 options from our last
report are not included in this report because (1) the option was fully or
substantially acted upon by the Congress or the cognizant agency, (2) the
option was no longer appropriate due to environmental changes or the
aging of our work, or (3) the Congress or the cognizant agency chose a
different approach to address the issues discussed in the option. We will
continue to monitor many of these options to assess whether underlying
issues are ultimately resolved based on the actions taken. For example,
our work repeatedly has identified chronic problems with the space
station in terms of cost increases. The Congress has decided to begin
deployment. We will continue to monitor this and report periodically.
2For discussion of the fiscal and program issues facing Social Security and Medicare, see Social
Security and Surpluses: GAO's Perspective on the President's Proposals (GAO/T-AIMD/HEHS-99-96,
Feb. 23, 1999), Medicare and Budget Surpluses: GAO's Perspective on the President's Proposal and the
Need for Reform (GAO/T-AIMD/HEHS-99-113, Mar. 10, 1999), and Social Security: Criteria for
Evaluating Social Security Reform Proposals (GAO/T-HEHS-99-94, Mar. 25, 1999).
GAO/OCG-99-26 Budget Implications of GAO Work
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United States. General Accounting Office. Budget Issues: Budgetary Implications of Selected GAO Work for Fiscal Year 2000, report, April 16, 1999; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc294524/m1/4/: accessed April 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.