Chemical and Biological Defense: Program Planning and Evaluation Should Follow Results Act Framework Page: 7 of 28
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In its guidance on Results Act implementation, the Chief Financial Officers
Council advised agencies that to comply with the spirit and intent of the
act, the goals and measures used at lower organizational levels should be
linked with the agency's strategic go als.
The Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) serves as DOD's overall strategic
planning document. The QDR directs DOD organizations at all levels to
review their strategic and mission objectives in order to ensure that they
link to the goals and objectives of the QDR and that Results Act
performance plans indicate progress toward meeting QDR goals. DOD
implementing guidance states that the goals, objectives, measures of
success, quantifiable performance measures, and program outcome
evaluations of subordinate organizations should be linked to the DOD
corporate goals articulated in the QDR and made operational in the DOD
performance plan. DOD does not routinely link its performance measures
to specific organizational units or individuals, which have sufficient
flexibility, discretion, and authority to accomplish desired results. DOD's
performance plan for fiscal year 2000 does not specifically discuss the CB
Defense Program. (CB Defense Program RDT&E activities are aggregated
with those of other modernization activities to support DOD's second
corporate goal to "prepare now for an uncertain future by pursuing a
focused modernization effort that maintains U.S. qualitative superiority in
key warfighting capabilities.")
Congressional reports and administrative guidance indicate that programs
such as the CB Defense Program should follow the outcome-oriented
principles of the Results Act. In our assessment of the adherence of the
program to the act, we only evaluate of the first of four principles-
establishing general goals and quantifiable, measurable, outcome-oriented
performance goals, and related measures.7
GAO/NSIAD-99-159 Chemical and Biological Defense
7 Tasks required for implementing the first principle include (1) identifying the organization's mission
and long-term strategic goals, (2) describing how the organization's annual performance goals are
related to its long-term goals, (3) specifying annual performance goals for each program activity,
(4) identifying the performance measures the organization will use to assess its progress, and
(5) describing how data will be verified and validated.
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United States. General Accounting Office. Chemical and Biological Defense: Program Planning and Evaluation Should Follow Results Act Framework, report, August 16, 1999; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc294407/m1/7/: accessed February 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.