Chemical and Biological Defense: Program Planning and Evaluation Should Follow Results Act Framework Page: 26 of 28
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Chemical and Biological Defense Program
Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation
SBCCOM business areas include chemical detection, biological detection,
decontamination, protection, and supporting science and technology.
JPO-BD was created in 1994 to manage the biological warfare agent
detection program. The office monitors emerging technologies for
advanced development, demonstration, and upgrades of fielded biological
The DARPA Biological Warfare Defense Program is an applied research
program established by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal
Year 1997 (P.L. 103-160, as amended) to fund an applied research program
supporting revolutionary new approaches to biological warfare defense.
The Biological Warfare Defense Pro gram pursues high-risk, high-potential
technologies from the demonstration of technical feasibility through the
development of prototype systems.
DOE's CB Nonproliferation Program was established in 1997 in response to
the Defense Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Act of 1996, which
appropriated $17 million to DOE to conduct research and development to
develop new means for detecting the presence, transportation, production,
and use of weapons of mass destruction and related materials and
technologies. According to DOE, the purpose of this appropriation was to
ensure the full engagement of DOE national laboratories in responding to
the threat posed by CB weapons to U.S. civilians. DOE funds research and
development, from basic research to fieldable prototypes, in pursuit of
advanced technologies that can enable first responders to more effectively
prepare and respond to the use of CB agents.
GAO/NSIAD-99-159 Chemical and Biological Defense
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United States. General Accounting Office. Chemical and Biological Defense: Program Planning and Evaluation Should Follow Results Act Framework, report, August 16, 1999; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc294407/m1/26/: accessed February 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.