Nuclear Security: DOE Must Address Significant Issues to Meet the Requirements of the New Design Basis Threat Page: 6 of 20
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Category I special nuclear materials are present at the three design
laboratories-the Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New
Mexico; the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore,
California; and the Sandia National Laboratory in Albuquerque, New
Mexico-and two production sites-the Pantex Plant in Amarillo, Texas,
and the Y-12 Plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, operated by NNSA. Special
nuclear material is also present at former production sites, including the
Savannah River Site in Savannah River, South Carolina, and the Hanford
Site in Richland, Washington. These former sites are now being cleaned up
by DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).3 Furthermore,
NNSA's Office of Secure Transportation transports these materials among
the sites and between the sites and DOD bases. Contractors operate each
site for DOE.4 NNSA and EM have field offices collocated with each site. In
fiscal year 2004, NNSA and EM expect to spend nearly $900 million on
physical security at their sites.5 Physical security combines security
equipment, personnel, and procedures to protect facilities, information,
documents, or material against theft, sabotage, diversion, or other criminal
In addition to NNSA and EM, DOE has other important security
organizations. DOE's Office of Security develops and promulgates orders
and policies, such as the DBT, to guide the department's safeguards and
security programs. DOE's Office of Independent Oversight and
Performance Assurance supports the department by, among other things,
independently evaluating the effectiveness of contractors' performance in
safeguards and security. It also performs follow-up reviews to ensure that
contractors have taken effective corrective actions and appropriately
addressed weaknesses in safeguards and security. Under a recent
reorganization, these two offices were incorporated into the new Office of
3At the time of our review, the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site in Rocky Flats,
Colorado, was in the process of shipping its remaining Category I special nuclear material
primarily to the Savannah River Site. This has now been completed. In addition,
responsibility for the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, in Idaho
Falls, Idaho, which is also a Category I special nuclear material site, was transferred from
DOE's EM to DOE's Office of Nuclear Energy in May 2003.
4Federal employees instead of contractors operate the assets of the Office of Secure
50ther DOE program offices, such as the Office of Science and Office of Nuclear Energy
operate sites that contain Category I special nuclear material. In fiscal year 2004, these
program offices expect to spend $118 million on security.
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United States. General Accounting Office. Nuclear Security: DOE Must Address Significant Issues to Meet the Requirements of the New Design Basis Threat, text, May 11, 2004; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc293919/m1/6/: accessed May 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.