Foreign Assistance: Lessons Learned From Donors' Experiences in the Pacific Region Page: 30 of 60
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Appendix II: Major Donors of Development
Assistance to the Pacific Region
Table 1: Cumulative Assistance, Objectives, and Primary Recipients of Development Assistance From Major Bilateral Donors
to the Pacific Region, 1987-99
(Amounts in 1998 U.S. dollars)
Major development Primary recipient (more than
donor assistance Development organization and objectives 10% of donor's aid)
Australia $3.84 billion The Australian Agency for International Development, an Papua New Guinea: $2.87 billion,
administratively autonomous agency of the Department of 74.8% of total
Foreign Affairs and Trade, administers the overseas aid
* Reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development.
* Focus on helping countries to achieve the maximum
possible degree of self-reliance by contributing to better
governance, stronger growth, greater capacity, better
service delivery, and environmental integrity.
The Department of the Interior administers bilateral
development assistance to the Freely Associated States
(FSM, RMI, and Palau) through the Compact of Free
USAID, an agency of the Department of State, is the primary
development agency of the United States.
FSM: $1.63 billion, 53.3% of total
RMI: $779 million, 25.4% of total
Palau: $382 million, 12.5% of total
* Assist the Freely Associated States in their efforts to
advance economic development and self-sufficiency.
(Department of the Interior)
* Support the people of developing countries in their efforts to
achieve enduring economic and social progress and to
participate more fully in resolving the problems of their
Japan $1.59 billion The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for planning and Papua New Guinea: $560 million,
coordinating Japan's development assistance. The Japan 35.2% of total
International Cooperation Agency and the Japan Bank for Fiji: $169 million, 10.7% of total
International Cooperation are the implementing agencies. Solomon Islands: $163 million,
10.2% of total
* Support the self-help efforts of developing countries to
achieve economic self-reliance.
* Focus on supporting social and economic infrastructure
development, economic structural reforms, human resource
development for the private sector, environmental
conservation, and regional cooperation.
New $685 million The Development Cooperation Division of the Ministry of Oceania unallocated: $160 million,
Zealand Foreign Affairs and Trade manages the New Zealand Official 23.4% of total
Development Assistance Program. Cook Islands: $95 million, 13.9%
* Achieve lasting improvements in the living conditions of
people in developing countries, especially the poor, by
Samoa: $70 million, 10.2% of total
Niue: $69 million, 10.1% of total
GAO-01-808 Pacific Development Assistance Strategies
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United States. General Accounting Office. Foreign Assistance: Lessons Learned From Donors' Experiences in the Pacific Region, report, August 17, 2001; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc293232/m1/30/: accessed January 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.