Foreign Assistance: Lessons Learned From Donors' Experiences in the Pacific Region Page: 27 of 60
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Appendix I: Objectives, Scope, and
Development Assistance Committee. Despite our attempts to collect data
from China and Taiwan, these countries were unwilling to provide the
information. China and Taiwan may be significant donors; one news
article, for example, mentioned that China gave more than $150 million in
untied grant aid to Papua New Guinea in 2000, which was nearly the same
as Australia's annual assistance of $167 million.24
To identify the donor objectives, we reviewed recent development
planning documents and interviewed officials from the Australian Agency
for International Development; the Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Economic Cooperation Bureau and European and Oceanian Affairs
Bureau, and the Japan International Cooperation Agency; the New Zealand
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Official Development Assistance
agency; the United Kingdom Department for International Development;
the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); the U.S.
Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs; and at major
multilateral donor agencies (the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank
(ADB), the European Union (EU), and the United Nations Development
To collect information on the recipient countries in the Pacific, such as
population, gross domestic product, and geographic characteristics, we
relied on data from the World Bank, the United Nations Development
Program, the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, the Bank of Hawaii,
and the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook 2000. We found
that these data were often missing or were based on estimates. Through
conversations with donors, we found that the lack of reliable statistics is
widely accepted. To verify the integrity of the data, we (1) checked the
reliability of data sources with multilateral agencies, such as the ADB; (2)
cross-checked the information among various sources reporting Pacific
Island data, such as comparing gross domestic product figures among the
World Bank, the United Nations Development Program, and the Bank of
Hawaii; and (3) used our best judgment.
Donor Strategies and To identify the major donors' assistance strategies, we relied on
information in donor documents and interviews with donor officials. To
Experiences identify and explain the major donors' experiences in their choice of
24"Pacific Region Enters a New Era of Shifting Alliances," The Sidney Morning Herald
(May 24, 2001).
GAO-01-808 Pacific Development Assistance Strategies
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United States. General Accounting Office. Foreign Assistance: Lessons Learned From Donors' Experiences in the Pacific Region, report, August 17, 2001; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc293232/m1/27/: accessed March 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.