Exploration of Adoption of Preservation Metadata in Cultural Heritage Institutions Page: 2
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Rogers' (2003) five perceived characteristics or attributes
are shown to influence the rate of adoption of innovation
namely: relative advantage, compatibility, complexity,
trialability, and observability. Various researchers have
examined the diffusion of information technologies and
related innovations using the framework from the diffusion
of innovations theory. Digital preservation metadata is part
of digital technology innovation, and it would be expected
that factors which have been found to be related to other
digital technology innovations would also explain the
adoption of PREMIS in the cultural heritage institutions.
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Figure 1. Factors affecting PREMIS adoptions.
METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY
This exploratory research study examines the factors that
affect adoption of PREMIS in cultural heritage institutions.
To gain a broad understanding of factors that affect
adoption decision in the context of cultural heritage
institutions, the following two research questions are
1. What are the factors (i.e., attributes in the diffusion of
innovation theory) that affect the adoption of PREMIS
across the diverse cultural heritage institutions?
2. Among the diverse cultural heritage institutions that
adopted or plan to adopt PREMIS, are there
commonalities in factors that may affect the decision-
These research questions provide the framework for
identifying and examining the critical factors influencing
stakeholders in the adoption decisions regarding PREMIS
in cultural heritage institutions.
The literature review revealed that in addition to Rogers'
(2003) five perceived characteristics, several other
attributes have been added including several key
organizational factors that may affect innovation adoption
decision. A number of researchers (Chen, 2003; Fichman &
Kemerer 1997; Gallivan, 2001; Themistocleous & Irani,
2002, among others) noted that readiness of organization is
strongly associated to other parameters such as organization
culture, skill sets, and IT infrastructure (architecture,
sophistication, skill sets, etc.). Institutional readiness is thus
conceptualized as an adoption characteristic, for the
purpose of this study. Figure-1 shows the constructs utilized
to understand factors affecting PREMIS adoption in
cultural heritage institutions:
1 Relative advantage refers to the perceived advantages
or benefits of the innovation.
2 Compatibility refers to the degree to which an
innovation is perceived as being consistent with the
existing values, past experiences, and needs of
3 Complexity is used as perceived ease of use.
4 Trialability refers to the degree to which an innovation
may be experimented with on limited basis.
5 Observability, Observability refers to the degree to
which the results of an innovation are visible to others.
6 Institution readiness (which includes a number of
determinants, such as availability of resources/support,
IT infrastructure sophistication, adoption of related
DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERSTICS OF PARTICIPANTS
This research used survey questionnaires and telephone
interviews to collect both quantitative and qualitative data
from 123 participants in 20 countries.
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Figure 2. Survey respondents by institution type.
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Alemneh, Daniel Gelaw & Hastings, Samantha Kelly. Exploration of Adoption of Preservation Metadata in Cultural Heritage Institutions, paper, 2010; [Silver Spring, Maryland]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29321/m1/2/: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .