Coast Guard: Observations on the Fiscal Year 2009 Budget, Recent Performance, and Related Challenges Page: 3 of 40
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Madam Chair and Members of the Subcommittee:
I am pleased to be here today to discuss the Coast Guard's fiscal year 2009
budget and related issues. For more than 10 years, we have provided
Congress with information and observations on the Coast Guard's budget
and related issues.' Consistent with this approach, this statement will
periodically include information from our prior work to help provide
perspective as appropriate. During the last 10 years, the Coast Guard's
budget and missions have continued to grow. For example, the Coast
Guard's budget was $3.8 billion for fiscal year 1997 compared to $9.35
billion for fiscal year 2009. In terms of missions, the terrorist attacks of
September 11, 2001 have led to a myriad of additional and complex Coast
Guard missions related to homeland security, such as conducting harbor
patrols, reducing the flow of undocumented migrants, and participating in
global military operations.
To help fulfill its missions, the Coast Guard is implementing a program to
modernize its fleet. The Coast Guard's Deepwater program is a 25-year,
$24 billion effort to upgrade or replace existing vessels and aircraft to
carry out its missions along our coastlines and farther out at sea. The
program is eventually to include 10 major classes of new or upgraded
vessels and aircraft, and 5 other classes of projects, including command,
control, communications, computer, intelligence surveillance, and
This statement will discuss:
* budget request and trends, and performance statistics on achieving its
* challenges in balancing its operations across its multiple missions, and
* Deepwater affordability, management, and its impact on operations.
The Coast Guard is a multi-mission, maritime military service within the
Department of Homeland Security. The Coast Guard's responsibilities fall
into two general categories-those related to homeland security missions,
such as ports, waterways, and coastal security (including conducting
1 The back of this statement includes a listing of related GAO products, including budget
reviews going back to 1997.
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Coast Guard: Observations on the Fiscal Year 2009 Budget, Recent Performance, and Related Challenges, text, March 6, 2008; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc292988/m1/3/: accessed April 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.