Homeland Security: Preliminary Information on Federal Actions to Address Challenges Faced by State and Local Information Fusion Centers Page: 4 of 17
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that link people, systems, and information among all appropriate federal,
state, local, and tribal entities and the private sector. This act also requires,
among other things, that the President appoint a program manager to
oversee development and implementation of the ISE, which the President
did in April 2005.
Recognizing that state and local fusion centers represent a critical source
of local information about potential threats and a mechanism for providing
terrorism-related information and intelligence from federal sources, the
Program Manager for the ISE (PM-ISE),4 the Department of Homeland
Security (DHS), and the Department of Justice (DOJ) are taking steps to
partner with and leverage fusion centers as part of the overall information
sharing environment. The PM-ISE issued a plan for implementing the ISE
in November 2006 that incorporated presidentially approved
recommendations for federal, state, local, and private sector information
sharing. Recognizing that the collaboration between fusion centers and
with the federal government marks a tremendous increase in the nation's
overall analytic capacity that can be used to combat terrorism, the plan
envisions that the federal government, through the ISE, will rely on a
nationwide network of fusion centers as the cornerstone of information
sharing with state and local governments. Under the plan, DHS and DOJ
are to work with states to designate a primary fusion center to serve as the
statewide or regional hub to interface with the federal government and
through which to coordinate the gathering, processing, analysis, and
dissemination of terrorism-related information.
In addition, the 9/11 Commission Act contains several provisions related to
fusion centers.5 For example, the act requires the Secretary of DHS, in
consultation with the Attorney General, the PM-ISE, and others, to
establish a state, local, and regional fusion center initiative within DHS to
establish partnerships with fusion centers that will, among other things,
provide operational and intelligence advice and assistance, as well as
management assistance, and facilitate close communication and
coordination between fusion centers and DHS. In addition, the initiative is
to provide training to fusion centers and encourage the centers to
participate in terrorism threat-related exercises conducted by DHS.
40n June 2, 2005, the President issued a memorandum placing the PM-ISE and its staff
within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
5See Pub. L. No. 110-53 511, 121 Stat. at 317-24 (adding section 210A to subtitle A, title II
of the Homeland Security Act, Pub. L. No. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135).
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United States. Government Accountability Office. Homeland Security: Preliminary Information on Federal Actions to Address Challenges Faced by State and Local Information Fusion Centers, text, September 27, 2007; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc292623/m1/4/: accessed December 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.