World Trade Organization: Standard of Review and Impact of Trade Remedy Rulings Page: 3 of 128
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Results in Brief 3
Trade Remedy Cases Increased Over Time, but Few Measures Were
Domestic Determinations Generally Were Rejected, but Statutes
Were Upheld 12
Rulings Resulted in Few Changes to Members' Laws, Regulations,
and Practices but Caused Numerous Changes to U.S. Measures
Two Standards of Review Apply to WTO Trade Remedy Cases
Expert Views and U.S. Agency Positions on Standard of Review and
Other Trade Remedy Issues
Agency Comments and Our Evaluation
Objectives, Scope, and Methodology
Summaries of Completed WTO Trade Remedy Cases
GAO Case Number 1: Brazil - Measures Affecting Desiccated
Coconut (DS 22)
GAO Case Number 2: Guatemala - Antidumping Investigation
Regarding Portland Cement from Mexico (DS 60)
GAO Case Number 3: Korea - Definitive Safeguard Measure on
Imports of Certain Dairy Products (DS 98)
GAO Case Number 4: United States - Antidumping Duty on Dynamic
Random Access Memory Semiconductors (DRAMS) of One
Megabyte or Above Originating from Korea (DS 99)
GAO Case Number 5: Argentina - Safeguard Measures on Imports of
Footwear (DS 121)
GAO Case Number 6: Thailand - Antidumping Duties on Angles,
Shapes, and Sections of Iron or Non-Alloy Steel and H-Beams
from Poland (DS 122)
GAO Case Number 7: Mexico - Antidumping Investigation of
High-Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) from the United States (DS
GAO Case Number 8: United States - Antidumping Act of 1916 (DS
GAO Case Number 9: United States - Imposition of Countervailing
Duties on Certain Hot-Rolled Lead and Bismuth Carbon Steel
GAO-03-824 WTO Trade Remedy Rulings
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United States. General Accounting Office. World Trade Organization: Standard of Review and Impact of Trade Remedy Rulings, report, July 30, 2003; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc291095/m1/3/: accessed January 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.