An in vitro model for testing drugs to treat tinnitus

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Article discussing an in vitro model for testing drugs to treat tinnitus.

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7 p.

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Wu, Calvin; Gopal, Kamakshi V.; Gross, Guenter W.; Lukas, Thomas J. & Moore, Ernest J. October 2011.

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Article discussing an in vitro model for testing drugs to treat tinnitus.

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7 p.

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Abstract: Tinnitus affects approximately 50 million people in the USA alone, with 10 million being highly debilitated. Pharmacotherapy for tinnitus is still in emerging stages due to time consuming clinical trials and/or animal experiments. We tested a new cellular model where induced rapid neuronal firing or spiking was used as a mimic for the type of aberrant activity that may occur in tinnitus. Spontaneously active auditory cortical networks growing on microelectrode arrays were exposed to pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), a proconvulsant and an antagonist of GABAA receptor, which is implicated in tinnitus. Auditory cortical networks were then exposed to experimental tinnitus drugs linopirdine (Dup966, a potassium channel blocker), l-carnitine (an antioxidant), or selective Ca2+ channel antagonists pregabalin (Lyrica), or gabapentin (Neurontin) at various concentrations. PTZ increased spike rate by 139.6 ± 27% and burst rate by 129.7 ± 28% in auditory cortical networks with a phenotypic high firing of excitable neurons. Reductions of increased activity were observed to varying degrees using the experimental tinnitus drugs. The potency of the drugs was linopirdine (EC50: 176 ± 7.0 μM) > l-carnitine (EC50: 1569 ± 41 μM) > pregabalin (EC50: 8360 ± 340 μM), > gabapentin, with 34.2 ± 7.5% efficacy (EC50: 2092 ± 980 μM). These studies provide proof of principle for the use of auditory cortical networks on microelectrode array as a feasible platform for semi-high throughput application for screening of drugs that might be used for the treatment of tinnitus.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Science Ltd., all rights reserved. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.05.070

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  • European Journal of Pharmacology, 2011, New York: Elsevier Science Ltd., pp. 188-194

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  • Publication Title: European Journal of Pharmacology
  • Volume: 667
  • Page Start: 188
  • Page End: 194
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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UNT Scholarly Works

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  • October 2011

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  • June 6, 2014, 11:19 a.m.

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  • April 1, 2015, 3:23 p.m.

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Wu, Calvin; Gopal, Kamakshi V.; Gross, Guenter W.; Lukas, Thomas J. & Moore, Ernest J. An in vitro model for testing drugs to treat tinnitus, article, October 2011; [New York, New York]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc287987/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Arts and Sciences.