Our Planet, Volume 17, Number 2, 2007 Page: 4
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MWAI KIBAKI addresses climate change
and the African development dilemma
On behalf of the Government and the people
of Kenya, I wish to extend a warm welcome
to all the delegates and other visitors
who have come to Nairobi to attend the twelfth
Conference of the Parties Kenya is honoured to
host the twelfth Conference of the Parties which is
also the second meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto
Protocol (COP/MOP2) in November this year at
the United Nations Offices in Nairobi.
It is appropriate that the Conference be heldatthe
premises of the only United Nations headquarters
in the developing world and we look forward to
a successful and memorable conference. climate
change is a reality which affects all countries
but its impact is and will be most acutely felt in
the developing world, particularly in African
countries. climate change is threatening to frustrate
poverty eradication efforts and make the prospect
of meeting the Millennium Development Goals far
Protocol provide a good basis for multilateral
action. Although some progress has been
made in the implementation of these instruments,
the actions are far from adequate. This is primarily
because of the Limited scope of the commitments
of developed country parties and inadequate
implementation of these commitments. The extent
to which developing countries can comply with their
commitments and therefore contribute towards the
ultimate objectives of the Convention, is dependent
on their being facilitated by developed Country
Parties. The climate change negotiation process
and the outcome of these negotiations need to be
fair to all countries.
Africa is the region most vulnerable to the impact
of climate change despite the fact that it is the
least responsible for contributing to greenhouse
gas emissions. The implementation of practical
adaptation activities with predictable and secure
funding therefore is a top priority for Africa in this
Conference. In terms of mitigation, equity is needed
in the implementation of the Clean Development
While this is a largely private sector venture,
there are certain actions governments can take to
even out the ground. Specific targets need to be
set to redress the imbalances in the geographical
distribution of CDM projects. Africa supports the
exploitation of other options for mitigation, including
those which may not be covered by CDM, and
particularly those that promote local sustainable
Working within the principles of equity and
common, but differentiated, principles, it is
important that we view climate change as an
opportunity to address the challenges of achieving
sustainable development, rather than framing it
as an environmental problem. There is need for
countries to have a flexible global regime to cater
for the changing circumstances. At the core of this
regime must be elements relating to adaptation,
technology development and transfer.
I wish to state that in the interest of sustainable
development of our region, we are keen to be
associated with global efforts to foster long- term
cooperative action to address climate change
by enhancing the implementation of the climate
change Convention and its Kyoto Protocol.
We realize that for all these efforts to succeed,
action must start at the national level. Kenya is
prepared to face this challenge together with other
nations of the World U
Mwai Kibaki is President of the Republic of Kenya.
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United Nations Environment Programme. Our Planet, Volume 17, Number 2, 2007, periodical, 2007; Nairobi, Kenya. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28522/m1/4/: accessed March 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .