Analyzing Patterns Within Academic and Legal Definitions: a Qualitative Content Analysis of the Term "Cyberbullying" Page: 85
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and communication technology(ies) (ICT)". The term ICT is a specific form of technology
that is in fact digital or electronic in nature.
However, if the word "technology" is accompanied by another word to signify it as a
digital or electronic technology, then it is appropriate to use. There are many
"technologies" that are used in cyberbullying. From phones, to the Internet, to computers
and even pagers", tools are being used to harass other people. These technologies also
serve as a tool by allowing the user to accomplish a task more efficiently and with greater
ease. If the task is to harass another person, then the use of electronic or digital
technologies would be preferred in order to cyberbully another person.
The word "bullying" was found with the following stemmed word "bully." This word
had 16 occurrences within 36 definitions. The word bullying has various definitions, and
will not be defined here as it has been a topic of discussion within the dissertation.
However, the word "bullying" within the term "cyberbullying" is certainly a problem within
the field. This usage of the word represents circular reasoning; i.e. bullying is bullying is
bullying. Seven of the 36 definitions use the word "bullying" within their definition of the
term "cyberbullying." Assuming that the sample of articles examined in this study is
representative of all articles referring to cyberbullying, the logical assumption is that 19%
of all studies are using or referring to this grossly lacking definition. For example, Agatston
et al. (2007), define cyberbullying as "Bullying using electronic forms of contact." Due to the
fact that there is not one agreed upon definition of the word bullying, and you cannot
assume that a person knows the definition word "bullying," this definition is inappropriate.
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Winn, Matthew R. Analyzing Patterns Within Academic and Legal Definitions: a Qualitative Content Analysis of the Term "Cyberbullying", dissertation, August 2013; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc283860/m1/86/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .