Analyzing Patterns Within Academic and Legal Definitions: a Qualitative Content Analysis of the Term "Cyberbullying" Page: 80
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The word "message" was found with the following stemmed words: messages and
messaging. This word occurred 19 times in 36 definitions. The word is defined as
"communication by writing, speech or by signals" and "an underlying theme or idea".
(Merriam-Webster's online dictionary, n.d.). This word is very important, as is the word
communication (to be discussed later in a following section"). The word message is the
object of communication. Based on the definition, that object may come in the form of
writing, speech and signals; all of which can readily be found in cyberbullying. One of the
more prevalent forms is writing, which can be found in text messages, email, comments on
videos, blogs, website and many more. These messages are especially harmful as they can
be read over and over, encouraging ruminating thoughts by the victim. Unlike the spoken
word, which can only be remembered (unless it is recorded), the written word serves as a
semi-permanent reminder of the abuse for the victim.
Speech messages are also present in cyberbullying in the form of audio and video
recordings that are frequently sent via text messaging services or posted to the Internet.
These spoken words found in cyberbullying can have equally or more harmful effects than
the written word as they retain the same semi-permanent, re-occurring qualities as the
written word for the victim. Finally, signals are also found in cyberbullying as pictures,
photos or illustrations can be sent through the use of communication technology. While
these messages require more interpretation than the written or spoken message, they are
no less harmful to the victim.
The word message can also imply as "an underlying theme or idea." This form of
message may have more emotional and psychological effects than the surface level
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Reference the current page of this Dissertation.
Winn, Matthew R. Analyzing Patterns Within Academic and Legal Definitions: a Qualitative Content Analysis of the Term "Cyberbullying", dissertation, August 2013; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc283860/m1/81/: accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .