Overgeneral Memory and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adults Exposed to Family Violence Page: 2
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Amador, Amy R. Overgeneral Memory and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adults
Exposed to Family Violence. Master of Science (Psychology), May 2010, 82 pp., 9 tables, 1
illustration, references, 67 titles.
Childhood exposure to familial violence increases risk for adult pathology, namely
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Primary PTSD symptoms of hyperarousal
and avoidance are implicated in overgeneral memory (OGM) theory in prior research.
Individuals with trauma history tend to report OGMs, or non-specific autobiographical
memories, perhaps to avoid unpleasant arousal elicited by recalling specific events. OGM,
PTSD, depression, and arousal were assessed in adults with and without familial violence
history. Arousal was measured via galvanic skin response (GSR) during an autobiographical
memory task (AMT), requiring memory recall in response to emotionally-valenced cue words.
Familial violence history was linked to higher incidence of PTSD symptoms. Childhood
psychological violence was predictive of adult PTSD. Rates of depression, OGM, and arousal
did not significantly vary by violence history. Significant gender differences were found relating
to type of violence exposure and adult functioning. Research limitations, clinical implications,
and future research suggestions are discussed.
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Amador, Amy R. Overgeneral Memory and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adults Exposed to Family Violence, thesis, May 2010; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28384/m1/2/: accessed October 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .