Slaves and Slaveholders in the Choctaw Nation: 1830-1866 Page: 2
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Fortney Jr., Jeffrey L. Slaves and Slaveholders in the Choctaw Nation. 1830-1866.
Master of Arts (History), May 2009, 71 pp., 5 tables, 4 figures, bibliography, 46 titles.
Racial slavery was a critical element in the cultural development of the Choctaws and
was a derivative of the peculiar institution in southern states. The idea of genial and hospitable
slave owners can no more be conclusively demonstrated for the Choctaws than for the
antebellum South. The participation of Choctaws in the Civil War and formal alliance with the
Confederacy was dominantly influenced by the slaveholding and a connection with southern
identity, but was also influenced by financial concerns and an inability to remain neutral than a
protection of the peculiar institution. Had the Civil War not taken place, the rate of Choctaw
slave ownership possibly would have reached the level of southern states and the Choctaws
would be considered part of the South.
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Fortney, Jeffrey L., Jr. Slaves and Slaveholders in the Choctaw Nation: 1830-1866, thesis, May 2009; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28371/m1/2/: accessed March 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .