High-Performance Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: October-December 1977

One of 13 reports in the title: High-Performance Batteries Progress Report available on this site.

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Description

Quarterly progress report discussing projects by Argonne National Laboratories and subcontractors related to high-temperature batteries.

Physical Description

viii, 75 p. : charts, tables

Creation Information

Nelson, P. A.; Steunenberg, R. K.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C.; Battles, J. E.; Hornstra, F. et al. March 1978.

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  • Main Title: High-Performance Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: October-December 1977
  • Added Title: High-Performance Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion. Progress Report for the Period October-December 1977
  • Serial Title: High-Performance Batteries Progress Report
  • Added Title: ANL (Series)
  • Added Title: Argonne National Laboratory Report ANL-78-21
  • Series Title: Argonne National Laboratory Reports

Description

Quarterly progress report discussing projects by Argonne National Laboratories and subcontractors related to high-temperature batteries.

Physical Description

viii, 75 p. : charts, tables

Notes

Digitized from microfiche.

Some parts of this report may be illegible, depending on the quality of the microfiche.

Abstract: This report describes the research, development, and management activities of the program on lithium-aluminum/metal sulfide batteries during April-June 1977 are described. These batteries are being developed for electric-vehicle propulsion and stationary energy storage. The present cells, which operate at 400-450 degrees C, are of a vertically oriented, prismatic design with a central positive electrode of FeS or FeS2, two facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum alloy, and an electrolyte of molten LiCl-KCl. Testing and evaluation of industrially fabricated cells is continuing. Li-Al/FeS and Li-Al/FeS2 cells from Eagle-Picher Industries and from Gould Inc. were tested. These tests provided information on the effects of design modifications and alternative materials for cells. Improved electrode and cell designs are being developed and tested, and the more promising designs are incorporated into the industrially fabricated cells. Among the concepts receiving major attention are carbon-bonded positive electrodes, scaled-up designs of stationary energy storage cells, additives to extend electrode lifetime, alternative electrode separators, and pellet-grid electrodes. Materials development efforts included the development of a lightweight electrical feed-through; studies of various current-collector designs; investigation of powder separators; wettability and corrosion tests of materials for cell components; and postoperative examinations of cells. Cell chemistry studies were concerned with discharge mechanisms of FeS electrodes and with other transition-metal sulfides as positive electrode materials. Voltammetric studies were conducted to investigate the reversibility of the FeS2 electrode. The use of calcium and magnesium alloys for the negative electrode in advanced battery systems were investigated.

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Technical Report Archive and Image Library

This selection of materials from the Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) includes hard-to-find reports published by various government agencies. The technical publications contain reports, images, and technical descriptions of research performed for U.S. government agencies. Topics range from mining, desalination, and radiation to broader physics, biology, and chemistry studies. Some reports include maps, foldouts, blueprints, and other oversize materials.

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Creation Date

  • March 1978

Start & End Dates

  • October 1977 - December 1977

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 4, 2015, 8:33 a.m.

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Nelson, P. A.; Steunenberg, R. K.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C.; Battles, J. E.; Hornstra, F. et al. High-Performance Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: October-December 1977, report, March 1978; Argonne, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc283612/: accessed October 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.