Engineer soldier's handbook. Page: 57
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ENGINEER SOLDIER'S HANDBOOK
fragments. You can lie down in it and rest. But it does
not protect you against the crushing action of tanks.
0 35. SHELL-HOLE POSITIONS (fig. 60).---In a shell-pitted
area, improved shell holes offer quick protection and some
concealment with only a small amount of labor.
* 36. Fox HOLES (figs. 61 and 62) .--Fox holes afford maxi-
mum cover from any kind of fire, and also give protection
0 37. WEAPON EMIVPLACEMENTS.-Engineers not only build
their own entrenchments and emplacements, but they also
may be called upon to build such positions for other troops.
Therefore you should be familiar with the design of em-
placements for infantry weapons as well as your own
weapons. Figures 63 to 66, inclusive, show machine-gun em-
placements. Figure 67 is an emplacement for the 37-mm
antitank gun. In order to illustrate clearly the design of
these emplacements, concealment and camouflage have been
purposely omitted. Remember that alternate positions are
habitually dug for each weapon, as a weapon that is fired
from one place cannot survive for long.
* 38. REVETMENT.-The walls of entrenchments sometimes
need support. The process of bolstering these walls is called
reveting. Revetments may be made with sandbags (fig. 42)
or with pieces of wood (fig. 68).
* 39. BARBED WIRE.-a. Barbed wire is a difficult obstacle
for men, animals, and wheeled vehicles. It is often neces-
sary for engineers to construct barbed-wire fences. Figure
69 is a diagram of a double-apron fence. The layout of
such a fence is complicated and is not taken up here. How-
ever, there are numerous little jobs in the construction of
a barbed-wire double-apron fence which may cause trouble
if they are not accomplished correctly. These are mostly
tricks of fastening wire to posts. Figure 70 shows a screw-
type picket. Practice making the connections shown on
figures 71 and 72. Figure 73 shows how to roll a barbed-
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United States. War Department. Engineer soldier's handbook., book, June 2, 1943; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28313/m1/63/: accessed April 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.