Engineer soldier's handbook. Page: 45
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ENGINEER SOLDIER'S HANDBOOK
hand is used for left-lay rope, and the right hand for right-
lay rope; back of the hand is up for overwinding and down
for unwinding. Standing behind and facing drum, the fist
represents the drum, and the extended index finger, the rope
leading away from drum; thumb indicates at which flange
rope shout a start. Thus, for a left-lay rope overwinding,
back of left hand is up, index finger points along rope leading
away from drum, and thumb to right indicates that rope
should be started on right-hand flange.
n. To avoid accidents, every reasonable effort should be
made to stand clear of any wire rope under tension.
'o. When rope used on drums and sheaves has had approxi-
mately half of its normal use, ends should be reversed to
change points of wear.
0 28. LASHINGS AND SPARS.---a. Square lashing (two spars at
right angles) (see fig. 52).-To lash two spars at right angles
make a clove hitch around the upright a few inches above
the transom. Bring the lashing under the transom, up in
front of it, horizontally behind the upright, down in front
of the transom, and back behind the upright at the level of
the bottom of transom and above the clove hitch. Keep the
following turns outside the previous ones on one spar and
inside on the other, not riding over the turns already made.
Make four more turns. Make two frapping turns between the
spars, around the lashing, and finish the lashing off either
around one of the spars or any part of the lashing through
which the rope can be passed. Do not make the final clove
hitch around the spar on the side toward which the stress
is to come, as it may jam and be difficult to remove. While
tightening, beat the lashing with a handspike or pick handle.
b. Three spars for tripod (see fig. 52).-(1) To lash three
spars together as for a gin or tripod, mark on each spar the
location of the center of the lashing. Lay two of the spars
parallel to each other with an interval a little greater than
the diameter. Rest their tips on a skid and lay the third
spar between them with its butt in the opposite direction,
so that the marks on the three spars will be in line. Make
a clove hitch on one of the outer spars about 4 inches above
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United States. War Department. Engineer soldier's handbook., book, June 2, 1943; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28313/m1/51/?rotate=270: accessed May 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.