Engineer soldier's handbook. Page: 9
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ENGINEER SOLDIER'S HANDBOOK
pick head, body bent slightly forward, and arms hanging
naturally. Carry the pick head behind and above your right
shoulder without changing the position of your hands.
Swing the pick head forward, allowing the handle to slide
through your right hand until your hands meet, and con-
tinue the stroke downward. Keep your eye on the point to
e. Shovels (see fig. 7) .-You should be able to use the shovel
with either a right- or left-hand swing. After filling it by
one of two methods (fig. 8 () or (), press the handle
down and back to free the shovelful from the rest of the
material. Then hold the handle down while raising the
weight of the full shovel with the other hand. In casting,
allow the handle to slide through the lower hand in the most
convenient manner. Do not use a shovel as a pry.
f. Saws.-Saws are of various design, depending upon the
kind of work required.
(1) Hand saws (fig. 90).-There are two kinds of hand
saws-crosscut and rip. A crosscut saw has knifelike teeth
and is used to cut wood across the grain. A ripsaw has
chisellike teeth and is used to cut wood with the grain. The
hand saw is used in most common carpentry work. A saw
cut should be started by guiding the blade against the thumb
of the left hand and drawing the saw backward (fig. 10).
Extending the forefinger along the handle aids in guiding
the blade. Hold the saw lightly and do not try to push it
into the wood; move it back and forth with a full, long
stroke, letting it do its own cutting.
FIGURE 7.-Long-handled and D-handled shovels.
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United States. War Department. Engineer soldier's handbook., book, June 2, 1943; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28313/m1/15/: accessed April 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.