Control over Therapist Interactions as a Reinforcer for a Child with Autism Page: 7
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participant was selected because he had few social interactions, and when social
interactions did take place they were extremely brief (i.e., less than 1-min). He frequently
manipulated items and often engaged in many activities; however, this most often
occurred in social isolation. For example, the child frequently jumped on a trampoline.
If however, another person attempted to join him, or move to within close proximity (i.e.,
2 ft), the child would move to another activity. Another example includes play activities
with animal figurines. Again, if another person attempted to participate in play, the child
would terminate the activity by moving away with the items, relinquishing the items
completely, or by physically pushing the person away.
The experiment was conducted in a playroom located in the upstairs portion of the
participant's home. This room also served as the primary location for therapy sessions.
All experimental sessions were consistently conducted during the first 30-min of the
experimenter's regularly scheduled therapy sessions. During experimental conditions no
one other than the investigator and the subject was present in the room. However the
parents and others could watch the sessions via a closed circuit television monitor
downstairs. Approximately 65% of sessions were videotaped.
In the therapy room there was: one table with two chairs, a vertical mirror
extending above a miniature trampoline on the floor; a chalk board; two dry erase boards
with markers; a container full of beans, animal figurines, and dolls; a container with train
pieces; two cabinets containing therapy materials; a basketball hoop and ball; a hand-held
timer for recording, and a video camera mounted just below the ceiling in a corner of the
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Edwards, William Harrison. Control over Therapist Interactions as a Reinforcer for a Child with Autism, thesis, August 1999; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278765/m1/14/: accessed January 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .