Medial Medulla Networks in Culture: a Multichannel Electrophysiologic and Pharmacological Study

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Spontaneously active primary cultures obtained from dissociated embryonic medial medulla tissue were grown on microelectrode arrays for investigating burst patterns and pharmacological responses of respiratory-related neurons. Multichannel burst rates and spike production were used as primary variables for analysis. Pacemaker-like neurons were identified by continued spiking under low Ca++/high Mg++conditions. The number of pacemakers increased with time under synaptic blocking medium. Sensitivity to CO2 levels was found in some neurons. Acetylcholine changed activity in a complex fashion. Curare, atropine and gallamine modified ACh effects. Eserine alone was ineffective, but potentiated ACh-induced responses. Norepinephrine caused channel-specific increases or decreases, whereas dopamine ... continued below

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vi, 75 leaves : ill.

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Keefer, Edward W. (Edward Wesley) August 1998.

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  • Keefer, Edward W. (Edward Wesley)

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Spontaneously active primary cultures obtained from dissociated embryonic medial medulla tissue were grown on microelectrode arrays for investigating burst patterns and pharmacological responses of respiratory-related neurons. Multichannel burst rates and spike production were used as primary variables for analysis. Pacemaker-like neurons were identified by continued spiking under low Ca++/high Mg++conditions. The number of pacemakers increased with time under synaptic blocking medium. Sensitivity to CO2 levels was found in some neurons. Acetylcholine changed activity in a complex fashion. Curare, atropine and gallamine modified ACh effects. Eserine alone was ineffective, but potentiated ACh-induced responses. Norepinephrine caused channel-specific increases or decreases, whereas dopamine and serotonin had little effect at 30 μM. GABA and glycine stopped most spiking at 70 μM. Developmental changes in glycine sensitivity (increasing with age) were also observed. It is concluded that pacemaker and chemosensitive neurons develop in medial medulla cultures, and that these cultures are pharmacologically histiotypic.

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vi, 75 leaves : ill.

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UNT Theses and Dissertations

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  • August 1998

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  • March 24, 2014, 8:07 p.m.

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  • Sept. 19, 2014, 9:10 a.m.

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Keefer, Edward W. (Edward Wesley). Medial Medulla Networks in Culture: a Multichannel Electrophysiologic and Pharmacological Study, thesis, August 1998; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278519/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .