Personal Construction of the Self in Outpatients with Major Depression

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Clinical depression is characterized by alterations in thoughts, judgment, cognition and social behavior. This study focuses on non-optimal views of self and significant others that are proposed to underlie many of these alterations. Perceptions of self and significant others were elicited using the Role Construct Repertory Grid (Kelly, 1955a). Participants included depressed outpatients with high levels of trait anxiety (n = 27), depressed outpatients with lower levels of trait anxiety (n = 29) and a control group of never-depressed volunteers (n = 28). Consistent with prediction, significant group differences were found for negative self perception, discrepancies between actual self and ... continued below

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v, 99 leaves

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Weissenburger, Jan E. (Jan Elizabeth) August 1996.

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  • Weissenburger, Jan E. (Jan Elizabeth)

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Clinical depression is characterized by alterations in thoughts, judgment, cognition and social behavior. This study focuses on non-optimal views of self and significant others that are proposed to underlie many of these alterations. Perceptions of self and significant others were elicited using the Role Construct Repertory Grid (Kelly, 1955a). Participants included depressed outpatients with high levels of trait anxiety (n = 27), depressed outpatients with lower levels of trait anxiety (n = 29) and a control group of never-depressed volunteers (n = 28). Consistent with prediction, significant group differences were found for negative self perception, discrepancies between actual self and self goals, alienation from significant others, and inconsistencies in self image. Results provided partial support for the self discrepancy theory of emotionality (Higgins, 1987). Among depressed patients, higher levels of anxiety were associated with increased self negativity and greater discrepancies between actual self and self goals. Increased levels of depression were associated with more alienation from significant others and more consistency in self image. Depressed patients' judgments of self and others were altered from optimal ratios, as predicted by the theory of interpersonal judgment (LeFebvre, LeFebvre & Adams-Webber, 1986). Findings have theoretical and clinical importance for the understanding and treatment of persons with clinical depression. They suggest that self image and interpersonal perceptions may be important characteristics to consider in chosing the most effective treatment for these individuals.

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v, 99 leaves

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UNT Theses and Dissertations

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  • August 1996

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  • March 24, 2014, 8:07 p.m.

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  • July 2, 2015, 11:49 a.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Weissenburger, Jan E. (Jan Elizabeth). Personal Construction of the Self in Outpatients with Major Depression, dissertation, August 1996; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278066/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .