Organizational Commitment: A Cross-National Comparison of Arab and Non-Arab Employees in Saudi Petrochemical Companies Page: 1
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Al-Kahtany, Abdulwahab S., Organizational commitment: A cross-national
comparison of Arab and non-Arab employees in Saudi petrochemical companies. Doctor of
Philosophy (Management), May, 1998, 225 pp., 27 tables, 4 illustrations, references, 237
Individuals with different personal demographics and job-based factors have
different attitudes and behaviors, which can influence their levels of commitment to their
organizations. These differences in organizational commitment increase as their cultural
backgrounds differ significantly. Personal demographics and job-related factors are
reliable predictors of employees' commitment to their employing organizations. The
researcher conducted a cross-national comparison of Arab and non-Arab employees in
Saudi petrochemical companies in Jubail Industrial City in Saudi Arabia. The purpose of
this study was to empirically investigate if there is a difference in the level of employees'
commitment to Saudi petrochemical companies on the basis of differences in their personal
demographics and job-related factors. Employees in this study comprise six nationalities,
which represent Arab and non-Arab ethnicities.
A mail questionnaire was used to collect data from a random sample of 690
employees representing six nationalities and two ethnicities in Saudi petrochemical
companies. The subjects that participated in this study returned 565 questionnaires, of
which 520 were completed; thus, the effective response rate is 75.4 percent. Also, some
data about employees' commitment were collected from participating companies' records.
Some employees participated in a short interview pertaining to their personal
demographics, job-based variables, commitment, and commitment-related issues.
Cronbach's alpha, Spearman's coefficient, and Pearson's correlation were used to test the
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Al-Kahtany, Abdulwahab Said. Organizational Commitment: A Cross-National Comparison of Arab and Non-Arab Employees in Saudi Petrochemical Companies, dissertation, May 1998; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277912/m1/2/: accessed June 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .