The Break-up of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi Army, 1865 Metadata

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  • Main Title The Break-up of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi Army, 1865


  • Author: Clampitt, Brad R.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Chair: Lowe, Richard G.
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Major Professor
  • Committee Member: Campbell, Randolph B., 1940-
    Contributor Type: Personal
  • Committee Member: Hagler, D. Harland
    Contributor Type: Personal


  • Name: University of North Texas
    Place of Publication: Denton, Texas


  • Creation: 2001-05
  • Digitized: 2007-07-16


  • English


  • Content Description: Unlike other Confederate armies at the conclusion of the Civil War, General Edmund Kirby Smith's Trans-Mississippi Army disbanded, often without orders, rather than surrender formally. Despite entreaties from military and civilian leaders to fight on, for Confederate soldiers west of the Mississippi River, the surrender of armies led by Generals Robert E. Lee and Joseph E. Johnston ended the war. After a significant decline in morale and discipline throughout the spring of 1865, soldiers of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department chose to break-up and return home. As compensation for months of unpaid service, soldiers seized both public and private property. Civilians joined the soldiers to create disorder that swept many Texas communities until the arrival of Federal troops in late June.


  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Confederate States of America. Army.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Kirby-Smith, Edmund, 1824-1893.
  • Keyword: U. S. Civil War
  • Keyword: Trans-Mississippi Army
  • Keyword: Edmund Kirby Smith


  • Name: UNT Theses and Dissertations
    Code: UNTETD


  • Name: UNT Libraries
    Code: UNT


  • Rights Access: unt
  • Rights License: copyright
  • Rights Holder: Clampitt, Brad
  • Rights Statement: Copyright is held by the author, unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved.

Resource Type

  • Thesis or Dissertation


  • Text


  • OCLC: 47833633
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc2764


  • Degree Name: Master of Arts
  • Degree Level: Master's
  • Degree Discipline: History
  • Academic Department: Department of History
  • Degree Grantor: University of North Texas