Faculty Use of the World Wide Web: Modeling Information Seeking Behavior in a Digital Environment Page: 42
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information. In essence, the hunter was fed a steady diet of information from the database
or electronic resource. If the hunter became interested in a new topic that the regular
feeding area could not supply, then the hunter began to "browse" in new fields (databases
and other electronic resources) for additional information. Hawkins felt "The Internet
could conceivably be used for all three retrieval methods [hunting, grazing, and
browsing], but how it is used depends heavily on how a user accesses it and what services
he/she uses" (p. 73). In order for the Internet to support these three retrieval methods, any
search interface development must take into account these three approaches (hunting,
gathering/grazing, and browsing) and be able to provide the proper feedback to the
Survey and Descriptive Reports and Research
Many of the articles and reports written on information seeking simply described
the types of resources and systems individuals used to satisfy their information needs
and/or why they sought information. These types of articles and reports did not attempt to
build models that represent the behavioral or cognitive processes involved in information
seeking. The following review of articles and research reports presents a representative
sample of this descriptive research into information seeking by faculty members and
Prior to the advent of easy access to the Internet resources, researchers often
studied faculty members' usage of on-line and CD-ROM databases, on-line information
vendors, library's on-line public access catalogs, and other types of electronic services.
Homer and Thirlwall (1988) and Clark and Gomez (1990) studied end-user searching
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Fortin, Maurice G. Faculty Use of the World Wide Web: Modeling Information Seeking Behavior in a Digital Environment, dissertation, December 2000; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc2723/m1/49/: accessed February 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .