Faculty Use of the World Wide Web: Modeling Information Seeking Behavior in a Digital Environment Page: 41
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extensive amounts of time in the institution's library. To search the institution's library,
the scholar had to learn how to use the library's "complex organizing schemes" vs. the
organizational patterns of the personal library. The final area was "group formation and
settlement" (pp. 437-442). This involved a cost benefit analysis of whether it was better
to forage alone or with others. This would be especially true in the sciences where
collaborative work was often the norm. "Routine monitoring, informal communication
and maintaining active social ties between producers and consumers facilitate
information foraging in these high-density micro-habitats" (1999, p. 19).
Sandstrom's description of scholars' selective diet of information resources was
similar to Leckie's (1996) "expert researcher" model. In both cases, the faculty
member/scholar developed a highly specialized area of interest. The faculty
member/scholar developed a specialized, personal information network (personal library
and a network of colleagues) to exploit a steady diet of new information. They often
bypassed the traditional storehouses (libraries) for known items of value. Faculty
members/scholars often saw these personal information networks as more timely and
easier for accessing information than the library.
After participating in a study at Rutgers University which was used for preparing
for another Text Retrieval Conference, Hawkins (1996) wrote a short commentary using
the anthropological metaphor of hunting and gathering to describe on-line information
retrieval behavior. He explained hunting for information as "finding information on a
topic." Once the hunter found a "database" or electronic resource that could provide
useful information, the hunter regularly "grazes" that database or resource for new
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Fortin, Maurice G. Faculty Use of the World Wide Web: Modeling Information Seeking Behavior in a Digital Environment, dissertation, December 2000; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc2723/m1/48/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .