Faculty Use of the World Wide Web: Modeling Information Seeking Behavior in a Digital Environment Page: 35
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respondents put to use the needed information and the unused information "was recorded
and retained for future use." The fourth element involved information encountered that
was related to a problem. These problems could be from the past, present, or future as
well as "both active and passive problems" (pp. 142-143).
Liddy and Jorgensen (1993) studied the difference in usage between print indexes
and their electronic equivalents. By modeling the information seekers' behaviors, they
hoped "to determine the optimum specifications for indexes in electronic texts" (p. 185).
Their subjects included only students (including doctoral students) from Syracuse
University's School of Information Studies. They determined that a model (pp. 187-188)
of this index usage needed to include five stages. These stages included "recognition of a
searching need," "entering the search," "verifying the search," "evaluating the search,"
and finally "finding a satisfactory answer or citation." Their model included a "continue"
loop at the "satisfy" stage. If the citation did not satisfy the generated information need,
then the model returned to the beginning stage, which then generated a new search query
in the index.
Brown (1991) developed what she referred to as a "general model" for describing
information seeking behavior. She felt that information seeking behavior was a
developmental behavior that improved throughout the course of an individual's life. The
more one practiced this behavior; the better one became at information seeking. Brown
developed the model not from studying individual populations but synthesizing the
research of other researchers. Her model contained the five elements of "condition,"
"context," "process," "interaction," and "barriers." "Conditions" involved the sensory
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Fortin, Maurice G. Faculty Use of the World Wide Web: Modeling Information Seeking Behavior in a Digital Environment, dissertation, December 2000; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc2723/m1/42/: accessed March 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .