Faculty Use of the World Wide Web: Modeling Information Seeking Behavior in a Digital Environment Page: 30
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from categorizations of Ellis. The characteristics of the information- seeking patterns were
fundamentally the same" (p. 152). These seventh grade students "verbalized similar
categories of research activities" as those that Ellis found in working with faculty
members (pp. 158-159).
Palmer (1991 a & 1991 b) studied scientists and researchers involved in
agricultural research. She employed cluster analysis to group these scientists and
researchers by common characteristics and behaviors in information seeking activities. In
their use of documents and books, Palmer found little differences. In the use of electronic
resources, however, she was able to identify five distinct user groups (1991 a, pp. 117-
122). Group 1 was called "non-seekers." Statisticians mainly comprised this group. The
statisticians used computers for their work but not for information gathering. She called
the second group "lone, wide rangers." Members of this group were oriented more
towards print-based materials. They preferred to work alone and searched a wide variety
of topics. Group 3 was the "unsettled, self-conscious seekers." Biochemists and
entomologists were in this group. They made more use of the library than any other
group. They were heavy users of the on-line catalog.
Palmer called the fourth group the "confident collectors." Entomologists were the
most numerous members of this group. Although they did not have a regular information
seeking routine, members of this group made regular use of on-line services. The fifth
group was known as "hunters." Biochemists comprised this group. They described the
field of biochemistry as exploding with information. As a result, all members of this
group developed "regular information-gathering routines, sometimes visiting the library
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Fortin, Maurice G. Faculty Use of the World Wide Web: Modeling Information Seeking Behavior in a Digital Environment, dissertation, December 2000; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc2723/m1/37/: accessed July 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .