Executive Correspondence Page: 4 of 13
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During World War I (1917-1919), Muwekma men enlisted and served overseas in the United
States Armed Forces, and four of our tribal members: Toney Guzman (US Army, Battery "F",
347th Field Artillery, 166th Field Artillery Brigade, 91st Division and was engaged in the Meuse-
Argonne, Ypres-Lys, and Lorraine campaigns [served from April 29, 1918 - honorably
discharged at the San Francisco Presidio on April 26, 1919]; Alfred (Fred) Guzman first served
in the National Guard at Fort Mason, afterwards US Army, 28th Division, 55 Brigade Infantry,
110th Infantry, Company "C" and was engaged in the major battles of Ourcq-Vesle (July 28,
1918) [Second Battle of the Marne] (July 15-Aug. 5, 1918), Meuse-Argonne Offensive (Sept. 26
to October 8, 1918), and Havrincourt (Oct. 8 - November 11, 1918) - [served from July 28,
1917 - honorably discharged at San Francisco Presidio May 31, 1919); Joseph Aleas, US Army,
Sergeant, Company D, (14th Infantry Brigade) 21st Machine Gun Battalion, 7th Division - [served
from June 30, 1916 - and honorably discharged at discharged at Camp Funston, Kansas on July
9, 1920]; and, Henry Nichols (US Navy, Battleships USS Arizona and Oklahoma, Fireman 1st_
[served from May 23, 1917 - and honorably discharged at Mare Island on August 14, 1919], all
four men are buried in the Golden Gate National Cemetery. Franklin P. Guzman, a nephew
of the Guzman brothers, attained the rank of Sergeant in the U.S. Marine Corps and is buried in
the National Cemetery in Riverside [served October 25, 1916 - honorably discharged on June
27, 1919]; and, Jack Guzman (US Army, (1918-1919) is buried in Centerville near his father
Our Tribe, the Verona Band appeared again in the Reno Agency Annual Report in 1923, when
Superintendent James E. Jenkins wrote:
The jurisdiction of Reno Agency comprises the following named reservations and
colonies, villages, camps, etc., in addition to all scattered bands of Indians in
Nevada and California not under the jurisdiction of any other superintendency;
...(1923 pp. 3-5)
County Communities Estimated
Alameda Verona 30"
Between 1928 and 1932, Muwekma families enrolled with the BIA under the California Indian
Jurisdictional Act of 1928. The Secretary of Interior approved all of the Tribe's applications.
The Congress of the United States recognized our Tribe pursuant to Chapter 14 of Title 25 of the
United States Code, which was affirmed by the United States Court of Claims in the Case of
Indians of California v. United States (1942) 98 Ct. C1.583.
The Court of Claims case judgment instructed the identification of the Indians of California with
the creation of Indian rolls. The direct members and ancestors of the present-day Muwekma
Ohlone Tribe participated in and enrolled under the 1928 California Indian Jurisdictional Act and
later during the second and third BIA enrollment periods 1948-1955 and 1968-1970 with the
Secretary of the Interior approving all of our enrollment applications.
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Executive Correspondence, letter, March 30, 2006; (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc25919/m1/4/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.