Research Data Management in Policy and Practice: The DataRes Project Page: 18
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responses), and infrastructure (1 response).
Spencer D. C. Keralis, Shannon Stark, Martin Halbert, and William E. Moen
possible roles that librarians may play in research data management
into broad categories showed that a strong majority' of respondents
believe that they should participate in the following aspects of man-
* informational (directing scholars to resources that will help them
manage their own research data)
* instructional (providing training in the tools and information nec-
essary for curating research data)
* infrastructural (providing space and resources for storing and ac-
cessing research data)
* cooperative (making tools and other resources available for schol-
ars' use in managing research data)
* collaborative (actively participating in and guiding scholars' re-
search data management)
* archival (preserving and providing access to research data once a
scholar or research project no longer resides at the university)
A general concern of respondents, however, was the necessity
of top-down institutional support, including financial support and
adequate staff, to meet the needs of researchers in any of those roles.
The following is a typical response:
While probably all of these [roles] are critical in terms of their
usefulness to researchers, librarians would not be able to provide
these services without substantive institutional support, so I have
answered framed by the support for these services.
Other respondents cited "woeful budgetary times" to explain
their libraries' inability to provide data management support, al-
though they acknowledged that such support is critical to the needs
In terms of policy, respondents overwhelmingly responded in
favor of an institution-wide research data management policy, with
78.2 percent of respondents describing such a policy as "very useful"
(39.1 percent, 25 respondents) or "critical" (39.1 percent, 25 respon-
dents). This finding led us to look closely at the policy landscape
at top U.S. research institutions and to examine the ways in which
libraries have responded so far to the data management needs of
Agency Guidance Documents
Our research began in July of 2011 with an environmental scan of
the guidance for retaining and sharing research data at both the
funding agency and institutional levels. We conducted focus groups
at conferences and professional meetings with stakeholders in the
1 The "strong majority" was nearly unanimous; the only responses of "negligible
importance" were in the fields of cooperation (2 responses), collaboration (3
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Keralis, Spencer D. C.; Stark, Shannon; Halbert, Martin & Moen, William E. Research Data Management in Policy and Practice: The DataRes Project, paper, November 2013; [Washington, D.C.]. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc234915/m1/3/: accessed February 18, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .