Academic Lineage and Student Performance in Medical School Metadata

Metadata describes a digital item, providing (if known) such information as creator, publisher, contents, size, relationship to other resources, and more. Metadata may also contain "preservation" components that help us to maintain the integrity of digital files over time.

Title

  • Main Title Academic Lineage and Student Performance in Medical School

Creator

  • Author: Wright, James Scott
    Creator Type: Personal

Contributor

  • Chair: Lumsden, D. Barry
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Major Professor and Chair
  • Committee Member: Cooper, Jed Arthur
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Minor Professor
  • Committee Member: Newsom, Ronald W.
    Contributor Type: Personal
  • Committee Member: Alpern, Robert J.
    Contributor Type: Personal

Publisher

  • Name: University of North Texas
    Place of Publication: Denton, Texas

Date

  • Creation: 1999-08

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: This research investigated the association between academic lineage and student performance in medical school. The purposes of the study were to: (1) determine whether the Carnegie classifications of medical school applicants' institutions of origin are associated with academic performance in medical school; (2) consider the relationship between the admission selectivity of the schools of origin and the academic performance of medical school students; (3) compare the performance of medical students from institutions under public governing control with students from privately controlled institutions; and (4) establish a model by which the relative academic strengths of applicants from a variety of undergraduate institutions can be understood more clearly based on the previous performance of medical students from schools with similar institutional characteristics. A review of the literature on medical school admissions was completed and used to develop this research. Medical students from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas who enrolled between the years 1990 and 1994 and graduated or were dismissed between the years 1994 and 1998 were selected as the sample for the study (n=933). The undergraduate institution of origin for each student was coded based on its Carnegie classification, admissions selectivity group, and whether its governing control was public or private. Because the sample was not randomly selected and the data likely would not meet the assumptions of equal means and variance with the population, nonparametric analyses of variance and multiple comparison tests were completed to compare the groups of the independent variables over each dependent variable. The analyses revealed that for the sample of medical students selected for this study there was an association between academic lineage and student performance in medical school. Differences were found among Carnegie classifications on the dependent variables of cumulative medical school grade point average, class rank, failure rate, and score on Step 1 of the United States Medical Licensure Examination. Further, it was found that admission selectivity was also associated with student performance in medical school for each dependent variable except failure rate. Finally, the study results indicated no association between public or private governing control and student performance in medical school.

Subject

  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas -- Students.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Academic achievement -- Texas -- Case studies.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Prediction of scholastic success -- Texas -- Case studies.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Medical students -- Texas -- Case studies.
  • Keyword: Carnegie classifications
  • Keyword: academic performance
  • Keyword: admission selectivity

Collection

  • Name: UNT Theses and Dissertations
    Code: UNTETD

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries
    Code: UNT

Rights

  • Rights Access: public
  • Rights License: copyright
  • Rights Holder: Wright, James Scott
  • Rights Statement: Copyright is held by the author, unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved.

Resource Type

  • Thesis or Dissertation

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • OCLC: 45155991
  • UNT Catalog No.: b2231787
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc2206

Degree

  • Degree Name: Doctor of Education
  • Degree Level: Doctoral
  • Degree Discipline: Higher Education
  • Academic Department: Department of Counseling, Development and Higher Education
  • Degree Grantor: University of North Texas

Note