Congressional Research Service Report, "Military Base Closures: Implementing the 2005 Round,"June 1, 2005 Page: 4 of 25
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Military Base Closures:
Implementing the 2005 Round
On November 15, 2002, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld issued a
memorandum to senior staff regarding the implementation of the new base
realignment and closure (BRAC) round authorized by Congress in 2001.2 He
emphasized that, as part of the Department of Defense's transformation initiative,
"new force structures must be accompanied by a new base structure," and added that
"BRAC 2005 should be the means by which we reconfigure our current infrastructure
[bases] into one in which operational capacity maximizes both war fighting capability
and efficiency."' He, then, directed that the process begin immediately. It was, in
effect, the formal launching of DOD's 2005 base closure implementation process.4
The Secretary of Defense also revealed in his memo a particularly important
BRAG 2005 objective, namely examining and implementing opportunities for greater
joint activity as a means of achieving a more efficient base structure. He explained
that prior BRAG rounds had analyzed functions on a unique service-to-service
approach and, therefore, did not benefit from joint examination of functions that
cross services. It would appear, for example, that DOD's network of research
laboratories, medical facilities, maintenance depots, and testing and evaluation
facilities will become prime candidates for consolidation in the next round.
In respect to the selection process, Secretary Rumsfeld declared that DOD
would not make any binding closure or realignment decisions prior to the submission
of its final recommendations to the new BRAG commission in May 2005. It should
be noted, however, that his statement left open the possibility (if not likelihood) of
DOD conducting internal, non-binding deliberations.
To underscore the importance of the new BRAG round, Secretary Rumsfeld has
created two Office of the Secretary of Defense-level groups to oversee and operate
the BRAG 2005 process. First of these is the Infrastructure Executive Council (IEC),
For prior information on BRAG rounds, see CRS Report RL30051, Military Base
Closures: Agreement on a 2005 Round, by David E. Lockwood, 15 pp.
2 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (P.L. 107-107), Sections 3001-
SU.S. Department of Defense, Secretary of the Army, Memorandum, "Transformation
Through Base Realignment and Closure" (Nov. 15, 2002), [http://www.defenselink.mil/
4 Hereafter, any reference in this report to "closure" may also include "realignment."
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Congressional Research Service Report, "Military Base Closures: Implementing the 2005 Round,"June 1, 2005, book, July 21, 2005; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc18285/m1/4/: accessed January 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.