Leveraging Geographical Disparities of Socio-Economic Factors to Predict Vulnerable Teenagers to Teen Birth: Chicago as A Case Study

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Teen birth (TB) imposes serious health and economic burdens to both individuals and government. Various attempts have been made to overcome TB such as teen pregnancy prevention evidence-based programs. However, these programs might have declined teen birth rate (TBR), most of which do not address the influencing socio-economic factors linked to areas where teenagers live. This study is aimed at investigating socio-economic factors contributing to TB and identify their geographical disparities. The methodology was developed using the vulnerability theory to examine the complex relationship between TB and socio-economic factors. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) were employed … continued below

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20 p.

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Sadeghinaeenifard, Fariba & Hawamdeh, Suliman M. December 2020.

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This paper is part of the collection entitled: International Conference on Knowledge Management (ICKM) and was provided by the UNT College of Information to the UNT Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 26 times. More information about this paper can be viewed below.

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  • Sadeghinaeenifard, Fariba Department of Information Science, University of North Texas E-mail: Fariba.Sadeghinaeenifard@unt.edu
  • Hawamdeh, Suliman M. Department of Information Science, University of North Texas E-mail: Suliman.Hawamdeh@unt.edu

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Teen birth (TB) imposes serious health and economic burdens to both individuals and government. Various attempts have been made to overcome TB such as teen pregnancy prevention evidence-based programs. However, these programs might have declined teen birth rate (TBR), most of which do not address the influencing socio-economic factors linked to areas where teenagers live. This study is aimed at investigating socio-economic factors contributing to TB and identify their geographical disparities. The methodology was developed using the vulnerability theory to examine the complex relationship between TB and socio-economic factors. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) were employed to analyze census data. Findings suggest that socio-economically disadvantaged minorities, including unemployed black and uneducated Hispanic, are more vulnerable to TB. Additionally, geographic locations of communities where such teenager live are recognized. The outcomes verified the utility of the vulnerability theory to predict the geographical locations of vulnerable teens that can be leveraged by policymakers to allocate more health resources and perform place-specific interventions to effectively reduce TBR.

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20 p.

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The International Conference on Knowledge Management (ICKM) provides researchers and practitioners from all over the world a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas concerning theoretical and practical aspects of Knowledge Management. ICKM 2020 held December 3-5 as a virtual meeting using Cisco WebEx (technical support from NC Central University, Durham, NC) and hosted by the Knowledge and Information Professional Association (KIPA). The conference theme is “Knowledge Commons in the City of Medicine,” covering the institutional analysis of data and the development of knowledge sharing in any subject area.

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  • 16th International Conference on Knowledge Management (ICKM-2020), December 3-5, 2020. Virtual meeting using Cisco WebEx (technical support from NC Central University), Durham, NC, United States,

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International Conference on Knowledge Management (ICKM)

Serving as digital proceedings, this collection includes papers, posters, and slides from invited talks as well as practitioner and sponsor presentations for the annual International Conference on Knowledge Management (ICKM).

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  • December 2020

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  • June 15, 2021, 12:15 p.m.

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  • June 16, 2021, 2:40 p.m.

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Sadeghinaeenifard, Fariba & Hawamdeh, Suliman M. Leveraging Geographical Disparities of Socio-Economic Factors to Predict Vulnerable Teenagers to Teen Birth: Chicago as A Case Study, paper, December 2020; (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1813471/: accessed August 13, 2022), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Information.

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