Mule production. Page: 7
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MULE PRODUCTION 7
breeders obtain good results by feeding a ration of sheaf oats, clover,
and alfalfa hay. In summer a good-sized grass paddock is very
helpful, both as a source of feed and for conditioning purposes.
THE BROOD MARE
Only sound brood mares of good quality should be selected in
producing high-grade mules. Breeders of work horses usually take
particular care in choosing good mares for breeding purposes, but
ordinarily no consistent effort is made by mule breeders in selecting
mares for the production of mules. The idea seems to prevail that
a mare which is not suitable for breeding to a stallion is good enough
to produce a mule. This is a mistake, for no matter how good the
jack may be, it is inconsistent to expect uniformly good mule foals
from inferior mares. The same care should be applied in selecting
mule mares as is exercised in selecting brood mares to raise horse
The mares used in mule production are generally of no fixed type
or breed and vary from large, heavy draft mares to smaller mares
of the light-horse type (figs. 4 and 5). As the mule is a work animal
which cannot reproduce its kind, except in rare instances, it is not
essential that mares used for producing them be of any fixed breeding.
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Figure 4.-A desirable type of brood mare for producing draft mules. Note the
"breediness," substance, and conformation of this mare.
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Williams, J. O. (John Oscar), 1885- & Speelman, S. R. (Sanford Reed), 1894-. Mule production., book, 1949; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1784/m1/9/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.