Mule production. Page: 4
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4 FARMERS' BULLETIN 1341
At Hartsville, Ind., on the farm of W. H. Molley, a mare mule was reported
to have foaled a male colt in May 1938. This colt was sired by 'a I'ercheron stallion
and was quite horselike in practically all of its hody characteristics.
At St. Martinville, La., in 1948, a 21-year-old mare mule is credited with tlie
production of a male foal. The picture of this offspring indicates it was sired
by a stallion.
SELECTING THE JACK
The importation of jacks, and consequently the production of nmles
in the United States, dates back to colonial times. About 1787
George Washington was presented with a jack by the King of Spain,
which was used in the stud at Mount Vernon. Many good imules were
produced in those days, and the value of the mnule as a work animal
Figure ?.-Prior to World War II, many mules found their way into the United
States Army. Good, sound mules with quality were required. This illustration
shows representative types of "lead" and "wheel" mules in Army service.
was soon recognized by intelligent planters. It is only within the last
60 years, however, that the production of mules has become an extensive
enterprise and that much attention has been given to the rearing
and selection of the best jack stock.
The American jack of today is a composite of the bloods of some of
the best foreign breeds, ilnd in attaining the highest standard of excellence
prevailing in the jack stock of the United States, the breeders
have emphasized the valuable utility points so much desired in the best
jacks, such as size, weight, bone, style, quality, and action. In the
United States, jacks are usually spoken of as "jennet jacks" and "mule
jacks." As these terms imply, jennet jacks are used for mating with
jennets for the reproduction of the breed, and mule jacks are used
for mating with mares for the production of mules. As commonly
found, the jennet jack is a larger animal than the mule jack and is
of superior conformation and quality.
A good mule jack (fig. 3) should be not less than 15 hands2 high and
possess plenty of weight, large bone with quality, style, and action.
2 A hand is a measurement of height equal to 4 inches.
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Williams, J. O. (John Oscar), 1885- & Speelman, S. R. (Sanford Reed), 1894-. Mule production., book, 1949; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1784/m1/6/: accessed February 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.