Mule production. Page: 8
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8 FARMERS' BULLETIN 1341
Figure 5.-A desirable type of light "mule mare" for producing mules of quality.
Note roominess of body, short back, depth of heart girth, and "breediness" of
It is very necessary, however, that the mares be of the correct size and
type. Mules foaled from mares of the draft type are large and heavy
and are excellent for draft purposes, but they are more sluggish il
temperament and cannot stand the heat so well as mules produced from
mares having light-horse blood in their veins. Mules produced from
mares of the light-horse type, on the other hand, are usually too small
to be of greatest value because their dams were not large enough. Because
of these facts, experienced breeders state that a very desirable
mule mare is one having about one-fourth draft blood and threefourths
light-horse blood. A mare of this breeding will weigh between
1,100 and 1,500 pounds and will produce good-sized mules, with style,
action, and stamina.
In conformation the mule mare should possess all the good qualities
desired in the brood mare used for producing good work horses.
Some of the most important points of the good mule mare are: A
broad chest and large heart girth, indicating a vigorous constitution;
a roomy barrel to allow for full development of the fetus; a straight
back, strongly muscled over the loins; well-set legs with broad, flat,
sound bone of good quality; large, well-shaped feet; and feminine
character, indicating "breediness.' To sum up, the mare should combine
size with quality, type, soundness. and breediness. The last term
includes a variety of characteristics which makes the mare a good
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Williams, J. O. (John Oscar), 1885- & Speelman, S. R. (Sanford Reed), 1894-. Mule production., book, 1949; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1784/m1/10/: accessed December 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.