FCC Record, Volume 28, No. 4, Pages 2764 to 3699, March 18 - March 29, 2013 Page: 2,820
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2. TRS enables persons who have a hearing or speech impairment to communicate using
voice communications services in a manner that is functionally equivalent to that of persons without such
disabilities.4 Section 225 of the Act requires the Commission to ensure that TRS is "available, to the
extent possible and in the most efficient manner" to persons with hearing or speech disabilities in the
United States.5 In meeting its obligations under the statute, the Commission has recognized numerous
forms of TRS.6
3. TRS users do not pay to use the service. Rather, the cost of providing TRS is ultimately
paid for by the subscribers of telecommunications and interconnected VoIP services, through a surcharge
that providers of these services impose on the monthly bills of their subscribers.7 These providers pay the
monies they collect from the surcharges into the TRS Fund, which is then used to reimburse eligible TRS
providers for the cost of providing TRS.8 The TRS Rules require TRS providers seeking compensation
from the TRS Fund to submit true and adequate data to the TRS Fund Administrator, as well as to provide
upon request additional data the Administrator may need to verify payment requests.9
4. In 2008, the Commission adopted a new numbering system, involving ten-digit numbers
linked to the North American Numbering Plan, for Internet-based TRS use, and imposed certain new
obligations on Intemet-based TRS providers.'0 Among other things, the Commission prohibited, after
December 31, 2008, an Internet-based TRS provider from providing (non-emergency) service to a new
user without first registering that user and assigning him or her a ten-digit number." With respect to
existing users, the Commission ultimately mandated that Internet-based providers cease providing (non-
emergency) service, absent registration and assignment of a ten-digit number, after November 12, 2009.12
4 See 47 U.S.C. 225(a)(3). See also 47 C.F.R. 64.601 (a)(22).
547 U.S.C. 225(b)(1).
6 47 C.F.R. 64.601.
7 47 C.F.R. 64.604(c)(5) (setting out the method for recovering the costs of TRS from subscribers of interstate
and intrastate telecommunications, e.g., mobile telephone, operator services, voice telephone services, toll free
number services, international, etc.); IP-Enabled Services, WC Docket No. 04-36, WT Docket No., 96-198, CG
Docket No. 03-123, CC Docket No. 92-105, Report & Order, 22 FCC Red 11275, 11283-291 (2007) (requiring
providers of interconnected VolP services to contribute to the TRS Fund).
8 47 U.S.C. 225(d)(3).
9 47 C.F.R. 64.604(c)(5)(iii)(D), (E).
10 Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech
Disabilities, CG Docket No. 03-123, WC Docket No. 05-196, Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking, 23 FCC Red 11591 (2008) (Internet-Based TRS Order); Telecommunications Relay Services and
Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with IHearing and Speech Disabilities, CG Docket No. 03-123, WC
Docket No. 05-196, Second Report and Order and Order on Reconsideration, 24 FCC Rcd 791 (2008) (Second
Internet-Based TRS Report & Order).
" Internet-Based TRS Report & Order, 23 FCC Red at 11610.
12 Telecommunications Relay Services and Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech
Disabilities, CG Docket No. 03-123; WC Docket No. 05-196, Order, 24 FCC Rcd 8000, 8002 (2009).
Federal Communications Commission
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United States. Federal Communications Commission. FCC Record, Volume 28, No. 4, Pages 2764 to 3699, March 18 - March 29, 2013, book, March 2013; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc177414/m1/73/: accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.