The Relationship between Identifiable Attributes and Decision-Making Ability of Purchasing Personnel as Measured by the Results of a Management Game Page: 26
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inroads were made in this field prior to World War II. Sir Robert
Watson-Watt, a British scientist, claims to have launched the first
two Operations Research (OR) studies in 1937, when he recommended
the use of OR to the United States Navy in 1942 for the purpose of
minimizing losses from enemy submarines. Immediately after
World War II the methods and techniques that were successfully
applied by the military were adapted to business and industry on a
wide front. Richards and Greenlaw observed that "many problems
and sub-problems that theretofore have been subjected only to intuitive
experience-based analysis came under mathematical probing and
scrutiny" as a result of the management science era.
The Systems Approach to Management
Systems theory was first developed by a biologist, von
Bertalanffy in 1951. His work developed into a general theory of
systems, which he believed provided an integrating approach to the
Sir R. Watson-Watt, Three Steps to Victory (London,
1959), p. 204.
L. Ackoff and R. Rivett, A Manager's Guide to Operations
Research (New York, 1963), p. 8.
Richards and Greenlaw, 0£. cit. , p. 8.
Ludwig von Bertalanffy, "General Systems Theory: A
New Approach to Unity of Science," Human Biology (December,
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Ellis, Norman Dean, 1933-. The Relationship between Identifiable Attributes and Decision-Making Ability of Purchasing Personnel as Measured by the Results of a Management Game, dissertation, May 1973; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc164597/m1/39/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .